It is very difficult to treat patients with placenta previa who underwent pregnancy termination and suffered antenatal massive hemorrhage in the 2nd trimester.
In this study, case 1 was with fetal malformation of 18-trisomy syndrome at gestation of 19 weeks + 2 days, case 2 was with fetal malformation of 18-trisomy syndrome at gestation of 22 weeks + 1 day, and case 3 was for intrauterine fetal death at gestation of 27 weeks. All the 3 cases were completely placenta previa.
For the 3 patients, completely placenta previa was confirmed by ultrasound examination after hospitalization and underwent pregnancy termination for fetal death or fetal malformation in the 2nd trimester.
The 3 patients with placenta previa underwent pregnancy termination by mifepristone combined with ethacridine lactate in the 2nd trimester for intrauterine fetal death or fetal malformation from June 2017 to May 2018, and suffered antenatal massive hemorrhage during termination. Uterine artery embolization (UAE) was immediately performed to achieve hemostasis, then double balloon catheter (DBC) was carried out to promote cervical ripen, at last curettage was implemented with the help of ultrasound. After all these procedures, the clinical outcomes were observed.
The antenatal bleeding volume of these 3 patients were about 500, 600, and 550 mL. After implementing the combined treatment, all patients completed the abortion. The UAE-DBC time interval and DBC-curettage time interval were 58.4 and 6.0 hours, respectively, for case 1, whereas almost 0 (i.e., immediately) for cases 2 and 3. Case 1 had a fever lasting for 3 days, and the maximum body temperature was up to 39°C after UAE. Moreover, the blood culture was positive for Escherichia coli after curettage in case 1, whereas it was negative in the other 2 cases.
The UAE-DBC–curettage combined treatment is safe and effective for patients with placenta previa who undergo pregnancy termination and suffered massive antenatal hemorrhage in the 2nd trimester. Future studies are needed to advance our observation.