Iowa

Iowa has a fairly restrictive environment for abortion, governed by a generally anti-choice legislature. The state has an unconstitutional and unenforceable ban that outlaws abortion procedures as early as 12 weeks and outlaws all abortions occurring in the third trimester following the woman’s last menstrual cycle except in cases where the life and health (physical or mental) is endangered. Iowa also subjects abortion providers to burdensome restrictions not applied to other medical professionals via Targeted Regulation of Abortion Providers (TRAP) laws. In May 2017, Iowa passed SB 471, increasing the restriction on the current feticide law to include abortions after 20 weeks post-fertilization.

Restrictions: 
Unconstitutionally limits abortion by gestational age after viability
Prohibits later abortion except to preserve a woman's life or health (physical or mental)

Iowa

Enacted legislation:

Iowa has a fairly restrictive environment for abortion, governed by a generally anti-choice legislature. The state has an unconstitutional and unenforceable ban that outlaws abortion procedures as early as 12 weeks and outlaws all abortions occurring in the third trimester following the woman’s last menstrual cycle except in cases where the life and health (physical or mental) is endangered. Iowa also subjects abortion providers to burdensome restrictions not applied to other medical professionals via Targeted Regulation of Abortion Providers (TRAP) laws. In May 2017, Iowa passed SB 471, increasing the restriction on the current feticide law to include abortions after 20 weeks post-fertilization.

Pending legislation:

In January 2017, Iowa Senator Brad Zaun introduced legislation that would ban abortions after 20 weeks post-fertilization. The bill contains narrow life and health exceptions and does not contain exceptions for mental health or pregnancies that result from rape or incest. In February, another ban was introduced in the Iowa House by Representative Dave Heaton. This bill would also ban abortions after 20 weeks post-fertilization with the same narrow health and life exceptions as the Senate bill. It also creates onerous reporting requirements for physicians that provide an abortion in the case of a medical emergency. To view the latest Senate bill status, click here, and for the latest House bill status, click here.

Restrictions: Unconstitutionally limits abortion by gestational age after viability | Prohibits later abortion except to preserve a woman's life or health (physical or mental)