Missouri

Missouri has a highly restrictive environment for later abortion, banning all abortions even if deemed safe. The ban renders any abortion procedure that falls within a broad definition a felony, unless necessary to preserve the woman's life or physical (but not mental) health. A physician providing abortion care after 20 weeks gestational age must perform extensive viability testing and report such findings to the state health department. A second physician must also attend the procedure. Violation of these requirements is a class C felony punishable by a prison term of not less than one year and a fine of not less than $10,000.

Restrictions: 
Constitutionally limits abortion by gestational age after viability
Prohibits later abortion except to preserve a woman's life or health (physical or mental)
Requires second physician in attendance to treat a fetus if it is born alive

Missouri

Enacted legislation:

Missouri has a highly restrictive environment for later abortion, banning all abortions even if deemed safe. The ban renders any abortion procedure that falls within a broad definition a felony, unless necessary to preserve the woman's life or physical (but not mental) health. A physician providing abortion care after 20 weeks gestational age must perform extensive viability testing and report such findings to the state health department. A second physician must also attend the procedure. Violation of these requirements is a class C felony punishable by a prison term of not less than one year and a fine of not less than $10,000.

Pending legislation:

In January 2017, Missouri Representative Tila Hubrecht introduced legislation that would ban abortions after 20 weeks post-fertilization. The bill, HB 692, contains narrow life and health exceptions and does not contain exceptions for mental health or pregnancies that result from rape or incest. It also creates onerous reporting requirements for physicians that perform an abortion in the event of a medical emergency. Two days later, Representative Phil Christofanelli introduced HB 757, a similar 20-week ban bill. In February 2017, Representative Donna Lichtenegger introduced a third 20-week ban, HB 908. To view the latest status of HB 692, click here. For HB 757, click here, and for HB 908, click here.

Restrictions: Constitutionally limits abortion by gestational age after viability | Prohibits later abortion except to preserve a woman's life or health (physical or mental) | Requires second physician in attendance to treat a fetus if it is born alive