Missouri

Missouri has a highly restrictive environment for later abortion, banning all abortions even if deemed safe. The ban renders any abortion procedure that falls within a broad definition a felony, unless necessary to preserve the woman's life or physical (but not mental) health. A physician providing abortion care after 20 weeks gestational age must perform extensive viability testing and report such findings to the state health department. A second physician must also attend the procedure. Violation of these requirements is a class C felony punishable by a prison term of not less than one year and a fine of not less than $10,000.

Restrictions: 
Constitutionally limits abortion by gestational age after viability
Prohibits later abortion except to preserve a woman's life or health (physical or mental)
Requires second physician in attendance to treat a fetus if it is born alive

Missouri

Enacted legislation:

Missouri has a highly restrictive environment for later abortion, banning all abortions even if deemed safe. The ban renders any abortion procedure that falls within a broad definition a felony, unless necessary to preserve the woman's life or physical (but not mental) health. A physician providing abortion care after 20 weeks gestational age must perform extensive viability testing and report such findings to the state health department. A second physician must also attend the procedure. Violation of these requirements is a class C felony punishable by a prison term of not less than one year and a fine of not less than $10,000.

Pending legislation:

In January 2019, Missouri Representative Nick Schroer (R-107) introduced H 126 to ban abortions upon detection of fetal heartbeat. The bill also contains complication reporting requirements and repeals language that requires a physician to give patients the opportunity to hear the heartbeat, if audible. Instead, the physician is required to inform the patient in writing that a fetal heartbeat was detected, and the abortion cannot be performed in Missouri, except in cases of “medical emergencies.” Medical emergency is defined as a condition that “complicates the medical condition of a pregnant woman as to necessitate the immediate abortion of her pregnancy to avert her death or for which a delay will create a serious risk of substantial and irreversible impairment of a major bodily function.” 

Another 6-week ban, S 139, was introduced in the state Senate by Senator Andrew Koenig. 

Restrictions: Constitutionally limits abortion by gestational age after viability | Prohibits later abortion except to preserve a woman's life or health (physical or mental) | Requires second physician in attendance to treat a fetus if it is born alive

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