To study the efficacy of 100 μg intravenous shot of carbetocin compared to 20 IU oxytocin intravenous infusion to prevent placental retention in second trimester medical termination of pregnancy.
A double-blinded randomized controlled trial was conducted at Ain Shams University Maternity Hospital from 1 April 2013 to 30 November 2013. A total of 132 women between 14 and 24 weeks gestation indicated for termination were randomized to receive either 20 IU oxytocin infusion (n = 66) or 100 μg carbetocin shot (n = 66) after fetal expulsion. Patients were observed for time elapsed between fetal and placental expulsion, presence of placental retention and blood loss.
Third stage was 33.4 ± 20.4 min in oxytocin group & 23.1 ± 16.8 min in carbetocin group (p = 0.002). Eight patients (12.1%) in oxytocin group had complete placental retention versus two patients (3.0%) in carbetocin group (p = 0.05). Eight patients (13.8%) received oxytocin had remnants of placenta compared to four patients (6.2%) received carbetocin (p = 0.04). Sixteen patients (24.2%) received oxytocin and six patients (9%) received carbetocin needed surgical curettage (p = 0.04). Third stage blood loss was 87.2 ± 33.7 ml in carbetocin and 206.9 ± 35.2 ml in oxytocin groups (p = 0.001).
Carbetocin is superior to oxytocin infusion for management of placental delivery in second trimester abortion.